Intravenous Microinjections of Zebrafish Larvae to Study Acute Kidney Injury

June 19, 2015

In this video article we describe a zebrafish model of AKI using gentamicin as the nephrotoxicant. The technique consists of intravenous microinjections on 2 dpf zebrafish. This technique represents an efficient and rapid method to deliver soluble substances into the bloodstream of zebrafish larvae, allowing for the injection of 15–20 fish per hour. In addition to AKI studies, this microinjection technique can also be used for other types of experimental studies such as angiography. We provide a detailed protocol of the technique from equipment required to visual measures of decreased kidney function. In addition, we also demonstrate the process of fixation, whole mount immunohistochemistry with a kidney tubule marker, plastic embedding and sectioning of the larval zebrafish. We demonstrate that zebrafish larvae injected with gentamicin show morphological features consistent with AKI: edema, loss of cell polarity in proximal tubular epithelial cells, and morphological disruption of the tubule.

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Cianciolo Cosentino C, Roman BL, Drummond IA, and Hukriede NA:
Intravenous Microinjections of Zebrafish Larvae to Study Acute Kidney Injury

J. Vis. Exp. 42: e2079 (2010), doi:10.3791/2079

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