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3D Localization Microscopy With Ground State Depletion (GSD)

Basic Principles of the GSD Super-Resolution Technology for Displaying Highly Resolved Cellular Structures in Three Dimensions

One of the most currently applied super-resolution method for imaging beyond the diffraction limit is stochastical optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM or GSD). With localization microscopy it is possible to achieve super-resolution images with a lateral resolution of down to 20 nm. However the z resolution of a widefield microscope was still limited to around several hundred nanometers.

With the latest development of a GSD 3D super-resolution platform, it is now possible to overcome this limit down to an axial resolution of 70 nm. The technology is based on an astigmatism approach using a manipulated PSF to localize the molecule in z. This following tutorial describes the basic principles of the 3D GSD technology.


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Learn more about super-resolution GSDIM microscopy

  1. Step by Step Guide to the Molecular Basics of GSDIM Microscopy
  2. How Widefield Super-Resolution GSDIM Images are Created
  3. Video Tutorial: How to Optimize Sample Preparation for GSD Microscopy