Contact & Support

Protein Dynamics

RSS feed
  • FLIM FRET and Biosensors: Versatile Tools for Biomedical Research

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (FLIM) in combination with Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) has proven to be very beneficial for investigations in biomedical research for a wide range of structural elements and dynamic changes in cells. FRET allows to monitor molecular interactions, as the FRET signal depends strongly on the distance of the two FRET partners. This allows to investigate interaction of molecules, like ligand-receptor pairs, protein-protein interactions or interactions of effectors with DNA.
    Read article
  • Individual Macromolecule Motion in a Crowded Living Cell

    There is solid evidence for analyzing fluorescence correlation and dual color fluorescence crosscorrelation spectroscopy data ( FCS and dual color FCCS) in cellular applications by equations based on anomalous subdiffusion. Using equations based on normal diffusion causes artifacts of the fitted biological system response parameters and of the interpretations of the FCS and dual color FCCS data in the crowded environment of living cells. Equations based on normal diffusion are not valid in living cells. The original article embraces the status of the experimental situation and touches obstacles that still hinder the applications of single molecules in the cellular environment.
    Read article
  • Mammary gland development

    Investigating the Influence of Hormone Signaling Pathways on Mammary Gland Development and the Onset of Breast Cancer

    Over their entire lifetime, 1 out of 8 women can suffer from breast cancer. The risk of developing breast cancer (mammary carcinogenesis) increases with a woman’s age and is related to her reproductive history. The chance of mammary carcinogenesis is less for women who give birth to a child before the age of 30. However, it is now known that the risk of breast cancer also can depend on the number of times a woman experiences elevated blood serum progesterone levels, in relation to the menstrual cycle, before her first pregnancy.
    Read article
  • Fluorescent Proteins Illuminate Cell Biology

    Green fluorescent protein (GFP) isolated from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria and GFP-like fluorescent proteins from other animals have had an important role in the technical innovations that have driven these advances. This poster provides a comprehensive user's guide to fluorescent proteins and sensors , their key properties and the cell biological questions to which they can be applied.
    Read article
  • Multilayered Polyelectrolyte Microcapsules: Interaction with the Enzyme Cytochrome C Oxidase

    Cell-sized polyelectrolyte capsules functionalized with a redox-driven proton pump protein were assembled for the first time. The interaction of polyelectrolyte microcapsules, fabricated by electrostatic layer-by-layer assembly, with cytochrome c oxidase molecules was investigated. We found that the cytochrome c oxidase retained its functionality, that the functionalized microcapsules interacting with cytochrome c oxidase were permeable and that the permeability characteristics of the microcapsule shell depend on the shell components.
    Read article
  • Universal PAINT – Dynamic Super-Resolution Microscopy

    Super-resolution microscopy techniques have revolutionized biology for the last ten years. With their help cellular components can now be visualized at the size of a protein. Nevertheless, imaging living cells is a challenge for most of the super-resolution principles.
    Read article
  • Nanoscale Protein Diffusion by STED-Based Pair Correlation Analysis

    We describe for the first time the combination between cross-pair correlation function analysis (pair correlation analysis or pCF) and stimulated emission depletion (STED) to obtain diffusion maps at spatial resolution below the optical diffraction limit (super-resolution). Our approach was tested in systems characterized by high and low signal to noise ratio, i.e. Capsid Like Particles (CLPs) bearing several (>100) active fluorescent proteins and monomeric fluorescent proteins transiently expressed in living Chinese Hamster Ovary cells, respectively.
    Read article
  • Correlated Optical and Isotopic Nanoscopy

    The isotopic composition of different materials can be imaged by secondary ion mass spectrometry. In biology, this method is mainly used to study cellular metabolism and turnover, by pulsing the cells with marker molecules such as amino acids labelled with stable isotopes (15N, 13C). The incorporation of the markers is then imaged with a lateral resolution that can surpass 100 nm.
    Read article
  • Nobel Prize 2013 in Physiology or Medicine for Discoveries of the Machinery Regulating Vesicle Traffic

    On October 7th 2013, The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 jointly to James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells".
    Read article
  • Watching Molecule Movements in Live Cells

    The newly developed STED-RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples. By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy (RICS) with STED fluorescence microscopy, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) opened up new applications in medical research, e.g. analyzing the dynamics of cell membranes at high protein concentrations.
    Read article
  • Capturing Neurotransmitter Receptors and Ion Channels

    Neurotransmitter receptors and ion channels in the central nervous system are localized to synaptic and extrasynaptic membrane compartments of pre- and postsynaptic elements of neurons. The impact of the activation of these proteins on synaptic integration and regulation of transmitter release depends on their precise location relative to synapses, as well as on the density and coupling of molecules in microcompartments of the cells. High-resolution qualitative and quantitative visualization of membranebound receptors and ion channels is, therefore, essential for understanding their roles in cell communication.
    Read article
  • Protein Transport Processes at the Apical Membrane of Polarized Epithelial Cells

    Due to their special role in organ function and the exchange of biological components some body cells developed certain polarization characteristics. These are reflected in differences of their plasma membrane composition. The essential and fascinating task of polarized protein transport in epithelial cells is to get the right protein into the right membrane.
    Read article
  • Fluorescence Recovery after Photobleaching (FRAP) and its Offspring

    FRAP (Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching) can be used to study cellular protein dynamics: For visualization the protein of interest is fused to a fluorescent protein or a fluorescent dye. A region of interest (ROI) can be monitored applying a high amount of light to bleach the fluorescence within the ROI. The following illumination with low light conditions provides insight into the redistribution of molecules via recovery of fluorescence.
    Read article
  • Exploring Cell Logistics

    Using TIRF microscopy, scientists have been able to take a closer look at intracellular transport processes with the example of the galactose-binding protein Galectin-3, which has been identified as a potential apical sorting receptor.
    Read article