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Metallography

Metallic alloys serve important roles for many types of technology, as they have a broader range of properties than almost all other materials. In fact, there are several thousand standard alloys already in existence and new ones are continuously developed for better performance or to meet new demands. Metallography is the study of the composition and microstructure of all types of metallic alloys. The microstructure - inclusions, grains, or matrix - has a significant effect on the macroscopic properties of alloys, e.g., tensile strength, elongation, and both thermal and electrical conductivity. The understanding of the relationship between composition, microstructure, and macroscopic properties plays a key role in the development and manufacture of alloys, where metallography is often exploited. These same investigative principles can be applied to the characterization of any type of solid material. Different types of experimental techniques are used to reveal the microstructure of metallic alloys. Since the last century, most investigations are carried out with incident light microscopy using bright field, dark field, differential interference contrast (DIC), and color (tint) etching. Presently, computer automated microscopes and image analysis systems provide a rapid and accurate method for the metallographic assessment of alloys, as well as, other materials.

 

 

Useful Links

Organizations

www.asminternational.org/portal/site/ims/International Metallographic Society – An Affiliate Society of ASM International

www.astm.org/COMMITTEE/E04.htmThe ASTM International Committee E04 on Metallography

www.stahl-online.de/english/Stahlinstitut_VDEh/_documents/Metallography_Materialsanalysis_and_Simulation.phpThe Stahl-Zentrum – Subcommittee on Metallography, Materials Analysis and Simulation

Journals

www.practical-metallography.com/web/o_archiv.asp?task=04&o_id=2008100911513-122&navid=0Practical Metallography

www.springer.com/materials/special+types/journal/13632Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis – Application and Innovation for Metals, Alloys, and Engineered Materials

www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00260800Metallography (1969–1989, continued as "Materials Characterization")

www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10445803Materials Characterization

http://link.springer.com/journal/11508The Physics of Metals and Metallography

Web Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MetallographyTopic "Metallography" in Wikipedia

www.metallography.com/Helping Metallographers Since 1996

www.metallograf.de/start-eng.htmInformation about Steel for Metallographer

www.iws.fraunhofer.de/en/business_fields/surface_treatment/materials_characterization/equipment/metallographielabor.htmlThe Fraunhofer IWS Metallography Laboratory

www.dlr.de/en/Portaldata/23/Resources/dokumente/flyers/mum/Microstructure_Analysis-Metallography-Mechanical_Testing.pdfMicrostructure Analysis, Metallography and Mechanical Testing of Materials

https://www.mb.hs-mittweida.de/en/webs/cw/metallography.htmlThe Metallography Site of the Hochschule Mittweida – University of Applied Sciences

www.keytometals.com/page.aspx?ID=CheckArticle&site=KTS&NM=367Metallography (3 Parts)

http://de.slideshare.net/N.Prakasan/quantitative-metallographyQuantitative Metallography

http://hoganas.com/Documents/Handbooks/Handbook%20No.1.pdfChapter 1: Metallography

http://materialography.org/Metallography, Materialography and Specimen Preparation

www.ndt.net/article/ecndt98/chemical/107/107.htmNon-Destructive Metallography Used On-Site, Possibilites and Experiences

www.georgevandervoort.com/George Vander Voort – Consultant in Metallography, Failure Analysis and Archeometallurgy

www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/metallography.pdfMetallography and Microstructure of Ancient and Historic Metalshttp://www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/abstracts/CP1b.html

www.msm.cam.ac.uk/phase-trans/abstracts/CP1b.htmlMetallography – An introduction to sample preparation for metallography

http://mee-inc.com/metal.htmlHandbook of Analytical Methods for Materials – Metallographic Study

www.buehler-asia.com/brochure/apps_support-tech-notes_vol1_issue5.pdfIntroduction to Quantitative Metallography

http://www.g2mtlabs.com/metallurgical-consulting/metallography/What is Metallography?

www.nanoprobes.com/applications/MSAENZ02.htmlEnzymatic Metallography: A Simple New Staining Method

www.gkn.com/hoeganaes/technologyandinnovation/Technical-Library-by-Topic/test-methods-and-Quality/Pages/quantitative-metallography.aspxQuantitative Metallography Technical Publications

www.uom.ac.mu/faculties/foe/mped/students_corner/practical.pdfUniversity of Mauritius, Faculty of Engineering, Mechanical and Production Engineering Department, Metallurgy Lab: Metallography

www.met-tech.com/failure_analysis.htmlFailure Analysis – Forensic Engineering: Metallurgical Failure Analysis

www.thaithavorn.com/pdf/microstructure.pdfMetallography and Microstructures of Cast Iron

Videos / Images

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lt079bHQuYUMetallography Part I by the University of Cambridge, Department of Material Sciences and Metallurgy

www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7HW6eJi5koMetallography Part II by the University of Cambridge, Department of Material Sciences and Metallurgy

www.youtube.com/watch?v=jFXzMB3rkn0CTP Metallography

www.cta.tuwien.ac.at/ct/cvd/metallography/Metallography Examples

www.ualberta.ca/~ccwj/pictures/metallography/Albums on Metallography by the Canadian Centre for Welding and Joining

Text Books

www.gobookee.org/metallography-principles-and-practice/Free Download of E-Books on Metallography – Principles and Practice

www.amazon.com/Elementary-Metallurgy-Metallography-Arthur-Shrager/dp/0486601382Elementary Metallurgy and Metallography (Shrager AM)

http://asmcommunity.asminternational.org/portal/site/www/AsmStore/ProductDetails/?vgnextoid=eb0b76d47ff2f210VgnVCM100000621e010aRCRDMetallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist, 2nd Edition (Reardon AC)

http://asmcommunity.asminternational.org/portal/site/www/AsmStore/ProductDetails/?vgnextoid=1f7b2b41ce0f8110VgnVCM100000701e010aRCRDSteel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist (Verhoeven J)

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie50482a011Optical Metallography of Titanium (Finlay WL, Resketo J, Vordahl MB)

http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/history-metallographyA History of Metallography – The Development of Ideas on the Structure of Metals before 1890

http://asmcommunity.asminternational.org/portal/site/www/AsmStore/ProductDetails/?vgnextoid=ff2f2b41ce0f8110VgnVCM100000701e010aRCRDASM Handbook Volume 09: Metallography and Microstructures (Vander Voort G)

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