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The Microscopy Knowledge Portal

LEARN. SHARE. CONTRIBUTE. Science Lab, the knowledge portal of Leica Microsystems, offers scientific research and teaching material on the subjects of microscopy. The content is designed to support beginners, experienced practitioners and scientists alike in their everyday work and experiments. Explore interactive tutorials and application notes, discover the basics of microscopy as well as high-end technologies – become part of the Science Lab community and share your expertise! 

Latest Webinars

  • Free Webinar-on-Demand: Mechanical pre-preparation and ion milling for SEM observation

    See how the unique combination of pre-preparation system and ion milling system makes fast site specific sample preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy or optical microscopy possible.
    Read article
  • Free Webinar On-Demand: New Cleanliness Workflow from Leica and Pall

    Obtaining cleanliness results rapidly, accurately, and reliably is a significant advantage for manufacturers and component suppliers. For this reason, Pall Corporation and Leica Microsystems have joined efforts to offer a new, unique workflow solution customizable to your individual needs. Join our free webinar to get a sneak preview on Leica Microsystems' new fully implemented LIBS (Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy) system. This new landmark technology enables you to easily conduct fast and reliable optical and chemical cleanliness analysis with only one system. See for yourself how Leica Microsystems' new software and system solution facilitates and accelerates the identification of nature and source of particle contamination on components.
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  • Free Webinar On-Demand: Practical Applications of Broad Ion Beam Milling

    Mechanical polishing can be time consuming and frustrating. It can also introduce unwanted artifacts when preparing cross-sectioned samples for electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) in the scanning electron microscope (SEM) or light microscope investigation. In contrast, ion beam milling can eliminate undesirable artifacts that will hamper your analysis and interpretation.
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Latest Articles

  • Free Webinar-on-Demand: Mechanical pre-preparation and ion milling for SEM observation

    See how the unique combination of pre-preparation system and ion milling system makes fast site specific sample preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy or optical microscopy possible.
    Read article
  • Free Webinar On-Demand: New Cleanliness Workflow from Leica and Pall

    Obtaining cleanliness results rapidly, accurately, and reliably is a significant advantage for manufacturers and component suppliers. For this reason, Pall Corporation and Leica Microsystems have joined efforts to offer a new, unique workflow solution customizable to your individual needs. Join our free webinar to get a sneak preview on Leica Microsystems' new fully implemented LIBS (Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy) system. This new landmark technology enables you to easily conduct fast and reliable optical and chemical cleanliness analysis with only one system. See for yourself how Leica Microsystems' new software and system solution facilitates and accelerates the identification of nature and source of particle contamination on components.
    Read article
  • DLS Sample Preparation: Using U-Shaped Glass Capillaries for Sample Mounting

    The TCS SP8 DLS microscope system from Leica Microsystems is an innovative concept which integrates the Light Sheet Microscopy technology into the SP8 confocal platform. Due to its unique optical architecture, samples can be mounted on standard glass bottom petri dishes and require little or no adaptation when compared to conventional mounting procedures. Here, we present a convenient way to prepare specimens quickly for light sheet imaging with the TCS SP8 DLS system.
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  • Laser Microdissection Publication List

    This monthly updated reference list demonstrates the major application fields for laser microdissection in life science research.
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  • The Fundamentals and History of Fluorescence and Quantum Dots

    At some point in your research and science career, you will no doubt come across fluorescence microscopy. This ubiquitous technique has transformed the way in which microscopists can image, tag and trace anything from whole organisms to single proteins and beyond. In this article, we will examine what is meant by "fluorescence", the history and basic physics behind its definition, the discovery and application of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) and a look at the rapidly expanding field of fluorescent probes including Quantum Dots.
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  • How to adapt grain size analysis of metallic alloys to your needs

    Metallic alloys are important for a variety of products in many industries. Several thousand standard alloys are currently in use and new ones with better performance are developed all the time to meet new demands. For example, there are multiple alloys of steel and aluminum which are used to build automobiles, trucks, planes, and trains.
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  • Multiphoton Microscopy – a Satisfied Wish List

    The colorful picture shows colon tumor cells, fluorescently labelled and lineage traced from a multicolor tracer. The gray color codes for the second harmonic generation (SHG) signal from Collagen 1. Lineage traced tumor cells are shown in magenta, blue, green, yellow and red. All channels were recorded with two-photon excitation, using the SP8 DIVE by Leica Microsystems. Sample and image were kindly provided by J. van Rheenen, H. Snippert, Utrecht (the Nederlands,) and I. Steinmetz, Leica Microsystems Mannheim.
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  • Free Webinar On-Demand: Practical Applications of Broad Ion Beam Milling

    Mechanical polishing can be time consuming and frustrating. It can also introduce unwanted artifacts when preparing cross-sectioned samples for electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) in the scanning electron microscope (SEM) or light microscope investigation. In contrast, ion beam milling can eliminate undesirable artifacts that will hamper your analysis and interpretation.
    Read article
  • Free Webinar On-Demand: Revealing Cellular Dynamics with Millisecond Precision – The New Tool That Turned Electron Micrographs into Motion Pictures of Neural Communication

    What if you can dissect the cellular dynamics with millisecond precision? What if you can unravel the morphological transformation of a neuron millisecond by millisecond using electron microscopy?
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  • Free Webinar On-Demand: Digital Microscopy in Earth Science

    Classical polarized light (compound) microscopes can only be used for prepared samples, because the working distance they offer is insufficient for whole samples. This means that thicker and bigger geological samples have to be sectioned and polished to fit under the limited working distance of a compound microscope. The Leica DVM 6 provides outstanding image quality, extra working distance and allows geologists to work with polished and unpolished samples (micro mounts, fossils, drilled cores …), make 3D reconstructions of their surfaces and enables classical petrographic work as well.
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  • Eyepieces, Objectives and Optical Aberrations

    For most microscope applications, there are generally only two sets of optics which are adjusted by the user, namely, the objectives and the eyepieces. Of course, this is assuming that the microscope is already corrected for Koehler Illumination during which the condenser and diaphragms are adjusted.
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  • Mission Impossible Accomplished: Tunable Colors for Non-descanning Detection

    Leica Microsystems’ 4Tune detector, the key component of the SP8 DIVE Deep In Vivo Explorer, provides spectrally tunable image recording with non-descanning detection. An innovative solution for multiparameter multiphoton microscopy. The colorful image on the right shows multiphoton microscopy of an unstained mouse skin section acquired using the 4Tune detector. The green color codes for autofluorescence of muscle tissue. Red shows second harmonic generation of fibers upon illumination with 900 nm. The blue pattern is generated by third harmonic generation at lipid boundaries from illumination at 1230 nm.
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  • Koehler Illumination: A Brief History and a Practical Set Up in Five Easy Steps

    The technique of Koehler Illumination is one of the most important and fundamental techniques in achieving optimum imaging in any given light microscope set-up. Although it should be routinely used as part of setting up a microscope, many microscopists are put off by thinking that the correct set-up is complex and time consuming and it is therefore still not widely practised. By getting to know the two main components of the microscope which are adjusted in this technique (the diaphragms and sub-stage condenser) in reality, correct set-up should only take a matter of minutes. A correctly aligned microscope can result in greatly improved images of uniform contrast and illumination as well as higher resolution and more detail. In this article, we will look at the history of the technique in addition to how to adjust the components in five easy steps.
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  • Introduction to Mammalian Cell Culture

    Mammalian cell culture is one of the basic pillars of life sciences. Without the ability to grow cells in the lab, the fast progress in disciplines like cell biology, immunology, or cancer research would be unthinkable. This article gives an overview of mammalian cell culture systems. Mainly, they can be categorized according to their morphology, as well as cell type and organization. Moreover, you can find basic information about the correct growth conditions and what kind of microscope you need to watch your cells.
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  • Immersion Objectives: Using Oil, Glycerol, or Water to Overcome some of the Limits of Resolution

    To examine specimens at high magnifications using the microscope, there are a number of factors which need to be taken into consideration. These include resolution, numerical aperture (NA), the working distance of objectives and the refractive index of the medium through which the image is collected by the front lens of an objective. In this article, we will briefly look at how using an immersion medium between the coverslip and the objective front lens helps to increase the NA and resolution.
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