Basic knowledge in optics and contrasting methods is fundamental for microscopic imaging.
The precise setup of an optical microscope including correct Koehler illumination improves image quality – the base for further image analysis. Within light microscopy we differentiate between stained and unstained samples influencing the amplitude and the phase of the light waves traversing the sample. For the human eye, differences in the amplitude are visible as brightness differences.
Contrasting methods like phase contrast, modulation contrast, differential interference contrast, often used in living samples, convert phase shifts into intensity.
Staining and fluorescence techniques, like immunofluorescence or the use of fluorescent proteins, are used to make selected structures or proteins visible. Thus, to optimize the use of a microscope it is reasonable to learn more about its basic characteristics.
Eyepieces and Graticules
A wide range of eyepieces with 10x, 12.5x, 16x or 25x magnification (for field numbers of up to 25 mm) are available for the tubes. Special eyepieces for eyeglass wearers are available, as are eyepieces with adjustable eyelenses (M eyepieces) designed to accommodate a variety of graticules.
10x eyepieces are standard; eyepiece magnifications of 16x and 25x are intended for special applications only. All eyepieces have removable or fold-down eyecups and can be used with or without eyeglasses.
Eyepieces identified with M are equipped with a focusing eyelens for dioptric equalization (from –6.8 to +4.2 or –6 to +5) and graticule holder. The external diameter of the eyepieces is D = 30 mm.
The graticule diameter is D = 26 mm. Specifications are engraved on the eyepiece, e.g. HC PLAN 10x/20 👓 M. HC PLAN = correction type, 10x = magnification/20 = field number FOV 👓, = for eyeglass wearers (high exit pupil), M = dioptric adjustment/graticule holder.
Eyepieces with FOV 20
- Eyepiece HC PLAN 10x/20 BR
11 507 801
- Eyepiece HC PLAN 10x/20 BR.M
11 507 802
Eyepiece with FOV 22
- Eyepiece HC PLAN S 10x/22 Br.M
11 507 807
Eyepiece with FOV 25
- Eyepiece HC PLAN S 10x/25 Br.M
11 507 808
Special eyepieces with high magnification
- Eyepiece HC PLAN 12.5x/16 BR.M
11 506 515
- Eyepiece 16x/14B, adjustable
10 445 301
- Eyepiece 25x/9.5B, adjustable
10 445 302
- Distance ring for eyepieces 16x/14B and eyepiece 25x/9.5B
11 506 808
Focusing and framing graticules
For length measurements, comparison and counting methods (Ø = 26 mm)
- Graticule 10 mm = 100 parts
11 506 950
- Graticule 10 mm = 200 parts
11 506 951
- Crosshair graticule
11 506 953
- Crosshair graticule with graduation, 10 mm = 100 parts
11 506 952
- Graticule with grid 10 x 10 mm, 0.1 mm graduation
11 506 954
- Graticule with grid 10 x 10 mm, 1.0 mm graduation
11 506 955
High-Speed Fluorescence – External Filter Wheels for Living Cell Applications
They are fast, vibration-free due to their small size, and they offer exceptional versatility. These outstanding features are characteristic for Leica Microsystems fast filter wheels for excitation, attenuation and emission control. Their short switchover times render them suitable even for highly complex applications such as FRET or CA++ imaging (Fura2).
Brochure External Filter Wheels
- High-speed excitation, attenuation and emission control
- 24ms switching time (adjacent position)
- Minimal vibration
- Small and compact design
- Synchronized high-speed control through powerful hard- and software solutions (Leica AF6000 E, AF6000, AF6500 and AF7000)
- Acquisition speed: 31 fps
- Flexible for different set-ups - five position discs with filters
- Motorized slider that can be inserted either into the adapter of the Leica EL6000, into the microscope stand or into a special c-mount for emission control
- Up to four sliders can be adapted simultaneously
- Prefabricated application packages for standard fluorescence, Fura2 and FRET
Leica Microsystems advanced ultrafast filter wheels ensure accurate imaging
The fluorescence filters are lightweight and small in diameter, allowing extremely fast filter switching and minimal vibration.
Excitation and emission light can be selected in just 24 milliseconds (acquisition speed: 31 fps), and individual excitation colors can be attenuated just as quickly.
Tailor-made application packages – even for highly complex life science experiments – are available. Software control is accomplished via either Leica Application Suite or the Leica AF Series, both offering a streamlined user interface that guides users through even complicated experiments.
In addition, Leica offers a full complement of digital cameras. Together with the alignment-free external light source Leica EL6000, the time resolution of fluorescence signals can be optimized even further.
Life Science Research
Leica Microsystems’ life science research microscopes support the imaging needs of the scientific community with advanced innovation and technical expertise for the visualization, measurement and analysis of microstructures.
Microscopes for Industrial Applications from Leica Microsystems help you minimize downtime through a broad range of solutions and expert local support.
In medical applications, Leica Microsystems supports you with premium optics that deliver crisp, bright, and consistent visualization.
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